Rewarding or Releasing Behaviour in Dog Training?

A basic mistake in dog training I think all dog owners have made is to reward a dog too early, and accidentally release it from what your doing.  A common and good example I see is on the recall. The owner is calling their dog back, and as the dog is running towards them they shout, “GOOD DOG”, and the dog then runs off in the opposite direction, leaving a very frustrated owner (By now screaming “COME HERE POPPY!!!”) and a happy dog thinking it has done the right thing.

Here is what is going on, so when we get any dog, be that a puppy or a rescue we always start training in some way. Mainly it is the sit, we get them to sit then reward them with the “Good Dog”, then allow them to get up for a fuss, or walk away from what you’re doing. Releasing them from the exercise. You are telling the dog they are doing it right, so creating a learned behaviour, you are also accidentally teaching them that that combination of words means you’re finished now. This comes in to play a problem as the dog is off lead more or working away from the owners even in the home. When your dog is not directly focusing on you for one to one training and is distracted by the environment it is most certainly going to be seeing the “Good Dog” as a release word in order to do what they want, as well as please you. We see it as encouragement as that is how we interpret it.

We are the teachers of our dogs, and we need to get into their head a little bit and understand how they understand us.

Efficient and reliable dog training for any command requires you to put in the basics, and the mechanics for all the training. A good reward word, a good encouragement word/voice, and an actual release word.

To combat the reward word becoming a release, keep repeating the word along side the command. An example would be “Sit, Gooood Dog, Sit, Gooood Dog”, rewarding with longer words than short sounds are slightly less exciting, and less likely to pull the dog out of the position you want them in. Reward them for staying where they are. This elongation of words allows you to encourage the right behaviour from your dog, rather than them moving off every 10 seconds and you becoming frustrated. I sometimes also use a separate encouragement word such as “GoGo” to help maintain a behaviour at speed, like a recall. I am not releasing them from what were doing, but instead encouraging it.

An actual release word should be taught during training and is easy to teach. I do some basic training, such as the sit or down, and once I want the dog to be released from this training. I use a word such as “Ok” and walk away from the dog or throw a treat/toy for the dog to play with away from what they were doing. Do this for short time periods, then build it up over time. It is important that you allow the dog to do what it wants during these periods of time, and call them to re engage when your ready for them. What you are creating is a taught release, so the dog waits for you to release them instead of them deciding to move away. The release command is a consistent signal that you have finished training/focusing, the dog can do what they want. This can be used for training, or on normal walks where when you are walking throw in the “Ok” to allow the dog to sniff the grass, greet another dog or walk away off lead. If your dog doesn’t want to, then they don’t have to.

What I have found both as a professional, and as a dog owner myself that the power of being consistent to these words training has a massive impact not only on your dog, but also on the way you interact with your dog daily. Giving you the empowerment to head into situations and know how to continue your training, and know your dog is focusing on you for the time you need. It greatly improves recall, and focus around other dogs for some dogs.

This blog post is a little intro into the difference and training, rather than a full on guide. Its easier to show the training, then write it down. It is hopefully going to make your think about what your dog might actually know, rather than what you think it knows, or thinks about the words you are saying. No dog is too old to learn the difference between the release word and reward. Rewarding a dog is easy, but pin pointing the right behaviour is hard as dogs behaviour changes from second to second. Consistency is key, and always being 100% sure in your head what behaviour you are rewarding, as well as aiming for as an outcome.

In summary, use a word to reward and encourage the right behaviour, and teach a release word to end the training or interaction, an off the dog a way to do what they want to do. Think dog, and think human. No one wants to, or can focus all the time. Why should your dog?

Kathryn Jones FdSc AAB

NTIPDU/MGoDT

A Clever Approach to Dog Training and Behaviour

http://www.cleverfoxcanine.com

 

 

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Adopting a Rescue Dog… Are you Ready?

Its a great thing to want to add a dog into your life, it’s an even better joy to bring a rescue dog into your home. It isn’t for everyone, but someone willing to bring a rescue dog into their home is starting a new journey with this dog.

Rescue dogs can be seen as something to fix, or change to suit your home. What people need to understand, that most of the time these dogs need someone, or some place to adjust to their massive change in circumstances. These dogs have had their whole life turned upside down, and need time to adjust to new things. While many settle into a new home quickly, some get over looked as their are not “quick fixes”.

Are you ready to walk into that rescue centre and not be drawn in by a look, but by that dogs personalty. Their behaviour, and exercise needs to suit you. To look past a fluffy breed, or a small dog in favour for one that really suits your home, and life. To be told no that dog isn’t suitable for you, no matter how hard you’ll work. Rescues are looking for homes that suit their dogs, not for you to change the dog to suit your home. These dogs need homes that match them most to help them settle in fastest, and forever.

Rescue dogs no matter how long they have been in rescue need time to adjust to new things. They need time to work out what is happening, and how their life is going to be. You cannot explain to a dog what is happening, they simply have to experience it. They cannot control their environment or day, but they can control how they interact with you. This little control is all some dogs have, and this is why they can lash out at the people trying to help them, why they turn into themselves or generally act out of character.

Even when that dog gets into a new home this behaviour can carry on. Dogs have no control of their life generally, and the choice to not got for a walk, or tell you to buzz off with growling is how they can make their own choices. Instead of deciding the dog is aggressive or not suitable see it from their point of view. See how all this change is huge for them. Yes your saving them, and offering them a new home, where they will be loved, but remember they don’t get to choose, and sometimes they want a choice.

When adopting a rescue dog, don’t dump them straight into the routine you want. Your busy life style might be great for them in time, but right now they might need a calm, and settled routine. They need to ease into the new life, of new walks, and new places. Of new canine and human neighbours. Of new home rules. Of new family. They need easing into the new home and its differences to their old home, or some dogs have never been in a home.

Do not expect a dog to just settle in straight away, they can do in time, but dogs need several weeks to feel at home in your home.  Some dogs takes up to 3 weeks to settle in a new home, this can seem like an age to most dog owners, and is why I often keep all my rescue dogs in for assessment for at least a month. After this time you’ll see the dogs true character. It is not uncommon for dogs to get worried or act out in order to cope with all the change. What you might see as normal, say having the family over for Sunday lunch, could be utterly terrifying for a new rescue dog. People coming in desperate to see them, cuddle them, or play with them. People this dog has never met, invading their new home. Well it is not surprising when this kind of crazy event takes place, that the very friendly dog suddenly becomes unfriendly.

Are you ready to commit time, training and your emotion into that dog? Is your family to make some adjustments to help that dog settle in, or work around their behaviour issues? Are you all ready for a dog that might take a year or more to become the dog of your dreams? If you are then a rescue dog is for you, if not you need to wait til your life can take one on. A rescue dog should never be an impulse idea.

Rescue dogs aren’t always hard work, they can benefit your life and change it for the better. Taking on a dog that needs lots of exercise can get your fitter, and healthier. A dog needing time to adjust to the world, can provide you with cuddles, love and attention. A young dog needing some retraining can help you sort out your organisation and time management skills.

Rescue dogs are amazing, and all deserve a home that suits them. But you need patience to help them settled.

Some top tips are:

  • Give the dog its own space, somewhere it can settle in the main room your use as a family, but not be bothered. The rule of thumb is that if the dog has taken themselves there you leave them alone, even if its time for a walk. Sometimes it is better to leave them settled then force a walk if they can’t cope with going out again.
  • Show them how to exit the house into the garden. This is a simple one. Most rescue dogs are house trained, and find it very stressful when they aren’t sure where to go to the loo. Showing them where the door into the garden is, and hovering there til they go, then rewarding it can help them settle.
  • Hand feed them, as long as the dog doesn’t have food aggression issues, then hand feed them. Show them you can provide them with the basic primal things such as food. In that food, add in the odd goodies such as chicken or treats. Obviously some dogs might be too nervous for this.
  • Look into a calming product such as Adaptil, Pet Remedy, or Rescue Remedy to help your dog settle in. They might need help to cope with the stress, and all this products can help de-stress the dog.
  • Play! Play is a huge bonding and learning exercise for dogs. They learn about you through it, it burns energy and reduces stress. Throw a ball about, hide treats for them to find, play rough and tumble games.
  • Seek help where needed, call the rescue and ask about the dog if theirs anything you need to know. Ask to work with a dog trainer when needed, to help nip some issues in the bud as soon as possible.

Also understand that sometimes the rescue dog you have chosen, might not be the one for you. You might be told by the rescue centre before meeting, you might have doubts after meeting them, you might not click in the home trial and you might find that over time, their behaviour still isn’t something you can deal with in 6 months time. Their is no judgement of anyone if a dog doesn’t suit you. Obviously rescues want dogs to find homes, but the right one, and they are happy to help anyone pick the right dog, but will also put their foot down if you are not the right home for that dog. You should never feel guilty for not being able to provide a home for that dog, because their will be the right dog for you somewhere.

Kathryn Jones FdSc AAB

http://www.cleverfoxcanine.com

A Clever Approach to Dog Training and Behaviour

Recent Behaviour Changes? Do Some Backward Thinking.

Recently a long term dog training client mentioned to me that their dog was chewing the end of the bed at night. Their routine hadn’t changed, the dogs normal behaviour hadn’t changed. Nothing was different when I asked the main questions, we carried on with our normal training.
Still stumped by the chewing thing.

Part of being a Behaviourist is working around an issue, asking questions and getting answers in order to find a solution.

Then I walked into the room and saw the dentastix, I mentioned if the dog was now getting them before bed? “Of course” cried the owner. Well there was my answer.
The dog was getting a sugar hit before bed!

I’m not going to go into what you should, and shouldn’t feed your dog (Do your own googling on that one), but I am going to stress, that tiny little changes can have a big impact on your dog.

In this case, adding in a bit too much sugar before bed was causing the dog to wake in the night and start chewing. Something she has never done, I could have applied loads of different training, and routine management to change it, but actually all that was needed was to not feed her sugar before bed.

Little changes can mean big differences for your dog.

Lots of behaviour changes in dogs can be environmental for small changes. Yes, sometimes they cause big changes but quite often subtle little changes in your dogs behaviour can be pin pointed by a small change.

Any unexplained behaviour changes must be changed out by a vets consult, in order to rule out any medical issues.

Uncomplicated things can make big differences. Think about the things you do with your dogs.

 

Kathryn Jones FdSc AAB

NTIPDU / MGoDT

Clever Fox Canine Training and Behaviour

http://www.cleverfoxcanine.com

Dog Training Confidence – Have you lost yours?

Dog Training in your own home, on your normal walks and while juggling normal life can be hard work, disheartening and down right dangerous is done wrong.

It’s very easy to become stuck in the same old routine or avoidance, or just relying on the same behaviours your dog can already perform. Its easy to loose your confidence when things, go wrong.

Remember dogs have their own thoughts, feelings and personalities. They will do as they see fit, no matter how much training you put into them, and proofing, Sometimes they will just do things, don’t hold it against them, and don’t think they are suddenly bad dogs, or you are a bad owner.

It’s easy to loose confidence when working with dogs, it’s easy to avoid the problem and just manage your dog, and yourself. It’s easy to just exist.

It might require effort to get yourself out of the hold of no confidence, it might mean you have to work hard, and learn new things. But once your out of it you have a whole new world to explore, part of confidence building is not only re learning the old things but learning new things. I hope that when I work with an owner, they all learn at least one new things if not more. New things to build a bond, confidence and a well trained dog.

Changing the way you see a problem or obstacle can help with confidence, instead of seeing it as something negative, think about how the dog interprets it. Avoidance in dogs is a huge thing, some will avoid things like cars, instead of seeing it as an obstacle for going places, see it as a chance to bond with your dog via training. Making something positive by feeding a dog there, or adding in play time, jumping in and out of the car. Likewise you can see it as a chance to explore your local area, instead of relying on driving down to the beach and jumping out of the car. Walk your local area, follow other dog walkers to see where they go. Check out the local maps to find new foot paths. Explore and learn new things via your dog.

Instead of going on a walk in a bad mood, use enrichment toys to tire your dog, or scatter feed them. Play a game of hide and seek, anything that makes you smile, not dread a walk. Do something that makes you smile.

Confidence is something gained over time, not over night. If you really feel under confident about your dog, your dog training and how to move forward don’t be afraid to seek professional help, talk it over with friends or even take a step back and see how things go.

Never hold your dogs behaviour against them, they do the behaviours that suit them, and are based on their interpretation of the world. They aren’t doing it to piss you off, they aren’t performing that behaviour to annoy you, or make you stress. They are performing behaviour to make their life better, be that to remove a dog from their face via barking, to get a better view out of the window via jumping on you on the sofa, or to jump all over guests to get attention. Dog’s don’t plan things, they just do things.

I can’t change how you see the world, but re assessing where you are with you dog, this can help you change how you see the world.

Kathryn Jones FdSc AAB

NTIPDU/ MGoDT

07891021671

A Clever Approach to Dog Training and Behaviour

http://www.cleverfoxcanine.com

 

Food Aggression in Dogs – Is your dog a grumpy growling guzzler?

Food aggression issues in dogs seems to be on the rise in my mind, I am seeing more and more cases of food aggression in dogs. Is it the way we handle dogs? Is it the food we feed? Is it genetics? Is is dogs being dogs? What ever it is, we need to address it.

This is one I have wanted to get written down for a while, but kept getting side tracked by other posts!

From young puppies, up to older dogs who have been displaying it years, it is a behaviour that can be remedied very early on in your relationship, and reduce so much stress. I have seen puppies develop it over a matter of days from the wrong training, and it has then caused issues for a life time. I have seen adult dogs become to food aggressive they can’t be fed in the same room as people, without feeling the need to lunge and bite.

For those lucky enough to have a dog without food issues, I’ll explain what I define as food aggression. Food aggression is where your dog will growl, posture or attack when they are eating, taking a treat or being given a chew. These dogs feel the need to guard their food, for various reasons, and can be driven to lash out at their owners in the need to guard the food.

All these behaviours are normal for dogs guarding their resource, it is normal for a dog to want to guard food to protect it from other predators. It is not normal for a dog to go over the top, and in the worst cases bite. That is human driven. Biting is a last resort for any dog, owners drive them to do this to keep owners away.
What should not be normal is the fact you want to take the dog food. I honestly don’t understand when owners feel the need to take the food off a puppy…. a hungry puppy whose food intake is dictated by you anyway. Food is a resource that they need, so they will guard it to protect it, if they feel the need to do so. I will explain some training to pre-empt the problem, but I honestly feel we cause more food issues than sort them as dog owners in some cases. So often we muck up being idiots, rather than being good dog owners.

There are some real old fashion ideas still kicking around on the internet and from other dog owners, that can lead to this food aggression appearing in puppies, or dogs of any age. One of them is “You should be able to take the food from a dog”….right? So when I steal your fudge cake mid bite, you’re going to accept it and just ignore me? Well you’re a weirdo if you do, you’re going to kick, scream and tell me how much you bloody well don’t like it. Yet we do it to our dogs, then have a go at them when they growl or snap? Lack of logic here it seems. Furthermore on this, the more you try to take the food, the more the dog sees it as a prize to be had. The more you want, the more they want it basically. By making food an issue, you are making the dog more likely to guard it.

I’ve seen countless puppies become food aggressive, because people want to take their food, chews or bones off them to “Assert their control”… The puppy wants to eat. Stop being an ass, and let your puppy eat.

Some people brandish the excuse “I should be able to take it out of their mouth without argument encase my child puts their hands in the bowl, or take their chew”….. It won’t cut it love. Your child should be taught to leave a dog alone while eating, if your child is not old enough to understand that/ doesn’t listen then either feed the dog elsewhere, or remove the child. You’re the adult, so control the situation. Excuses are not tolerated by me or anyone.

Whatever your reason for doing food aggression training, please do it right. Applying common sense, put yourself in your dog’s shoes, don’t follow what others say about being the alpha or you “should” be able to do these things. Train your dog to accept them, not force them. You’re the one that will get bitten not them. You’re also the one with a choice in all of this, they don’t. We dictate everything in their life, stop trying to lord it over them.

I have seen people loose chunks in their arms or finger tips over food issues. It is not a training model to be taken lightly, and should be approached with caution. Things can go too far if you piss a dog or puppy off. I have seen a puppy go from being fine with its food at 11 weeks, to try to attack its owner at 16 weeks. This was due to insisting on taking the dog food off them while eating, feeding in small dark area and not feeding enough to a growing puppy. You have the power in your hands, don’t fuck it up.

Some food issues can start at the breeders, feeding all the puppies from one bowl and not feeding enough. Feeding via several bowls, and feeding more than the puppies can consume in a sitting can stop a lot of food issues from the get go. But even you as owners can stop this issue early on by applying the same principle, feed more than the puppy can eat, this helps some puppies learn there is an overabundance of food. If there’s more food than can be eaten, then there is no point guarding it. If the puppy learns that, they won’t start guarding unless you make an issue of it. This means feeding more than the packet recommends, and applying a bit of common sense on how much the puppy should be eating. I am not a nutritionist or vet so I can’t tell you how much, and at what age, so look at your puppy’s structure, and weight. Food type, or brand is up to you. Do your own research on that one.

The location of your dog’s food bowl can make all the difference, why everyone wants to feed in the middle of the kitchen I shall never know. Feed where your dog feels safe, be that in a crate (This avoids kiddies bothering dogs as well), in the garden, hall way, where ever, so the dog has room to eat in peace. There is nothing worse than someone leaning over you as you eat, or trying to take your food, so give your dog space to get away from it all.
I personally feed all my dogs way from the kitchen, either in crates, or in other rooms. So, there is no stealing, as well as no one bothering them as they eat. It reduces the need to guard their food, and therefore the value you of it. So if I need to take something from them, their not fussed as it’s probably going to be swapped for something.

Swapping! Teaching your dog to swap chews, bowls and what not early on can help if you feel the need to bother them while eating. The best way to do it is give the puppy one food item, then throw another near by, as they go get it praise them, throw another bit of food, and praise them as they swap from food to food. Then throw the first thing the dog had for them. Keep swapping these things by throwing, until you dog is waiting for you to throw them, expecting a swapping. Then you can start doing it with a command. It is teaching your dog that you have more things to give them, you’re not going to guard them either and are happy for them to share.

Feeding your dog via scattering the food around the garden. Scatter feeding your pooch its tea via the garden is a great way to avoid guarding issues. Simple throw the biscuit into the grass, they are busy sniffing and searching the bits out to eat. While you get on with something else, be that in the garden or in the home. There isn’t a large bowl of food to guard, so the guarding reduces. Plus, they are more tired from using their senses to find food, and a tired, mentally stimulated dog is a happy one.

Feeding from our hands can help reduce food guarding. Instead of seeing your hands as something that is going to steal food, they see it as the giver of food. Not the bowl. This works well adding in higher reward foods as well as the normal food, to teach the puppy that you have all the good things, and it therefore worth being nice to you. It is all too easy for a dog to think food only comes from a bowl, not you.

If you already have a puppy guarding food, or a dog doing it then dropping in treats every time you pass by, or when in the area can teach the dog you bring rewards to the bowl, not take them away from them. You being near is a good things in essence, so it’s good having you near their bowl or feeder. The treats must be higher value than the food their eating, so something like dried liver or cooked chicken are great added goodies.

Feeding the meal over time, so feed a 1/4 of the meal to start, then once their eating food add in another handful, and continue until it’s all finished. Start off from a distance, or dropping it from a height, then putting your hand in the bowl if you so wish. Do this as much as possible, it is teaching your dog to expect food from your hand and that you being near their bowl is a good thing.

Think about the value of your food, raw bones and tasty chews can send some dogs into a more heightened state. Working with food aggression, means starting with as low value food as possible, which is usually biscuit. Start there and work your way up to higher value things, and expect that sometimes dogs will never give up on guarding some things. Some dogs feel the need to guard food no matter what, in this case management is key. Feeding outside, or in another room. Feeding lower value food, or low energy food. Management is sometimes a more successful option than training, and training wrong.

These are some simple food aggression training ideas, and management. These are by no means the answer to food aggression in many cases. This blog was to get some ideas off my chest, and have a little rant about people faffing with their dog while eating. Something that really annoys me, and I’m sure the dog as well.

Issues with dog to dog food aggression is VERY complicated as you are dealing with two individual animals, who see the other as competition. These training ideaa do not apply to dog to dog issues.

Extreme food aggression needs to be seen by a Behaviourist, it can lead to damage to people or other dogs. Do not attempt to do things on your own. Behaviour management or modification is very difficult, made more so by aggression in the mix.

These ideas, are not for ever dog and are to be under taken with caution and at your own risk. I’m good, but I can’t train via the internet.

Kathryn Jones FdSc AAB NTIPDU/MGoDT

A Clever Approach to Dog Training and Behaviour

http://www.cleverfoxcanine.com

 

 

Quality over Quantity in Dog Training

When it comes to dog training it is all about quality over quantity. Meaning, it is better to have a few really good sessions or interactions, rather than many negative or neutral interactions.

Lots of people I work with have dogs with reactivity issues be that to dog over fear or aggression, or towards people in the same way. Either way many owners can think it is very important to keep forcing their dogs into situations the dogs are not comfortable in, as well as likely to react in. This forcing leads to more situations of reactions, reinforcing the reaction behaviour as the one to get rid of the scary thing, or get the dogs removed from the scary situation. It becomes cycle of reinforcing the wrong thing.

I think it is far more important, for some dogs, to have more sessions of good quality interactions, which might be only 2-3 meets with one other dog in a good way. Rather than seeing 20 dogs and reacting at all of them, leaving everyone involved stressed!

Basically I see it like this:

pos-neg 1.jpg

Each dog has memories they can pull on in a situation in order to pick the right reaction. I see each dogs memories of interactions like above, some positive good ones where good things have happened. Many neutral ones, where nothing really has happened, and quite a few negative ones where something bad has happened.

When in training I feel like some dogs have the negative memories, join with the neutral to over shadow the positive ones.

Picture1.jpg

This ganging up on the positive memories leave the dog being reactive, even though they have had some good meetings with dogs or people.
It’s easy to have leads of neutral meetings when on walks, you can have hundreds where your dog doesn’t react and you walk on by, but one negative one tips the scale. This can undo months of training as your dog isn’t learning to pull on those positive memories, and see reacting isn’t the only option.

What we need to achieve is this:

Picture2

This result comes with more positive interactions over time, quality interactions where a dog fearful dog meets a calm dog on several occasions, full of rewards and fun. Where a dog aggressive dog meets people who won’t make eye contact and hand him treats. These interactions might only be minutes long, but the buzz they give the dog in terms of happiness last a life time. Emotions have such a strong link to both us, and our dogs it would be daft to assume a dog didn’t learn from their emotions, and learn from the more positive ones better.

You’ll never get rid of the negative interactions,  but you can make them less major to the dogs life. Drowning them out with positive interactions that last a lifetime.

So when I suggest to a dog owner its actually ok to avoid other dogs on walks when its busy, or your having a bad day, and aren’t in the mood for training. I do because I would rather you went out for a walk where you saw only a few good things, and very little or none bad things. I would rather you held off on a walk one day, to avoid big negative things, then push it because you think your dog will suffer missing one walk. Your dog will suffer more from the trauma of the event.

This suggestion of holding off, and avoiding some things isn’t forever. You can’t avoid life. But if you can work steadily and fill your dogs, and your own memory bank with good experiences then you can start to hit those areas with the things that used to set your dog off. This premise applies to you as well, you will learn to trigger at your dogs triggers, and panic. The more good things that happen with you as an owner, the more positive you feel about your dog. I see it all the time with owners, empowered to learn from their dogs and take life in their stride.

This is also one of the reasons to keep in touch and work with a behaviourists over time, not just assume one session is enough. It is important to ask for help to set up scenarios if needed, and get help as your dogs learning and reactions change.  Behaviour modification is not an easy thing, and the plan put into action is fluid as the dog changes, it is very important to re-assess it a you go, changing your goals and criteria of what will set your dog off on a reaction.

This is sort of a brief explanation of the subject to get into peoples head the idea that, yes it is ok to avoid some things and seek out good things for your dog. My top tip of it all is to make this rewarding for the dog, go over the top crazy when they do things right, not wrong or you ignore so the dog doesn’t get anything for it.

Kathryn Jones FdSc AAB
Clever Fox Canine Training and Behaviour
A Clever Approach to Dog Training and Behaviour
http://www.cleverfoxcanine.com

15 Minute Wonder Dog Training

So many people try to set hours aside for training, spending too much time on long classes or one to one training hoping this will solve the problems their having. (Yes one to one training isn’t the be all and end all of dog training! And yes I am going to give you other ideas to work on away from the dog trainer).

Putting too much work in, can reap the same results as putting in too little. A dog who is confused, unsure and doing it’s own thing.

If your doing intense training for more than 15 minutes stop! It’s too much for you and your dog.

Training for long periods of time, more often than not, end up being a hindrance to your over all goal. So many people think they have to implement some sort of training time into their day as a block, trying to teach a brand new behaviour in one go and get frustrated when things start right, then all go to pot. Then they decide to finish the session on a “Win” which is rewarding an easy behaviour.  NO. You have basically just taught your dog to get frustrated and only focus on what it can do, not try to learn new things.

Training should be a fluid part of your day with your dog, practising intense training in short bursts during the day. Dog’s are context specific and can learn to do certain behaviour, only only certain places. Which is why many dogs are perfection at training classes and crap at home or on walks. Training at home or at the park is fine, but training can be all for nothing if your dog won’t listen when it counts, like in the car, at a cafe or other people’s houses.

If you want your dog to listen on walks, then they need to listen without distractions first, and then when there are distractions. It’s all building blocks to the main goal. Building up that concentration on you. Rewarding attention, and inviting it in short bursts will help out and about, it teaches your dog to interact with you any time, not just at the park or in the house, or when on a lead. So many owners attempt to force attention, when it should be something all dogs do naturally. Over training is a reason dogs loose focus on their owners and learning, as they get bored, just like us. If short training sessions are rewarded, and the attention is always on you then the attention is going to come to you, not the environment when out.

Training should be part of your day in short bursts, no more than a few minutes long.

  • Washing the pots? Get that sit stay on track.
  • Need to clean the car? Practice the settle in it.
  • Neighbours walking their dog?  Follow behind them practising focus training.
  • Going to a friends house? Recall training in a strange house.

Add into your life what you want, but add it in non the less. What ever you want to work on or what ever opportunities appear use them.

Also don’t forget about what your dog wants from life, yes training can be fun but forcing it is not, and can lead to a dog trying to get away from you, or less learning. Do the training in the garden, and then let them play! Let them romp about and throw a toy, do something they love to do as well. Finished washing the dishes, blow some bubbles for them to chase as their reward for sit staying.

Even better after training get them to have a nap or sleep session (Especially important for puppies!)

The basic message is that you can and should be training everywhere, working on everything with your dog. In a fun and relaxed manner where you achieve your goals easily, rather than forcing yourself and your dog, and ended up failing. It is also a reminder that the excuse “I haven’t got time to train my dog” is a null point, you have time to be on facebook or read this, then you have time to train your dog. Too many people give me that excuse and I always call them on it. I work full time training, have 5 dogs plus what ever rescues in, plus a life and I have time for dog training, so why can’t you?

You might think, “Well Kathryn your training sessions with owners are always an hour or more long” …yes they are, but I’m not training your dog. I’m training you to train your dog, training you to find the things that make your dog tick and want to work with you. There is no point me doing the work, I’m exciting and new of course they will interact with me! It’s up to you to do the training, not me, I don’t own your dog or have to live with it, you do. So be the most exciting thing in your dogs life. If your dog is utterly overjoyed with guests or other dogs, so much so that your dead to them, you might have  a little problem… learn to become the most exciting thing in your dogs life by teaching them new things, and how rewarding it is to interact with you.

Set your self a small challenge to get your dog to sit stay when your back is turned, and stay there while you boil the kettle or make a sandwich. Then tell me how hard it is, and how much training will be needed to get it. A few short sessions and you’ll have it, over do the training in one large chunk and it’ll all go pear shaped. Go on try it.

Set yourself achievable goals for training, and then set off to achieve them.

The bond between you and your dog will grow with the more successful training you have with them. Repetition of the wrong thing, or the same thing is about as interesting as it is for us, teach dogs new things and they will thank you for it.

Kathryn Jones FdSc AAB
A Clever Approach to Dog Training and Behaviour
http://www.cleverfoxcanine.com

It’s Never a Blank Canvas in Dog Training

When people take on a dog, be that a puppy, rescue or re-home, they know their is work to do with any dog,  no matter the age, or breed.

Many people assume that a dog that is a “Blank Canvas” with no training, such a a puppy or rescue dog will be easy, assuming that the dog has no knowledge of it’s own. These owners then get frustrated with the dogs do things wrong, or don’t quite understand what your on about. Some owners are well aware of challenges ahead, but aren’t willing to change their plans to suit the dog.

No dog is a blank canvas, even an 8 week old puppy just leaving the breeder, can have as many marks, rips, tears and stains as a well used artists canvas. Breed traits, genetic selection and health issues.

Think of each dog as an artists canvas, every artist wants to start with a crisp clean canvas, with no marks, bumps or tears to interrupt the image you want to achieve. The image will set in your mind. The canvas you want to paint on unfortunately has a tear in it, or some black spots in the corners, and spot where the colour will seep and not sit still. These blemishes make it harder to achieve that image in your mind, and might result in you changing your end image to work round them. Some people will work over them, attempting to cover them up, others will incorporate them into the image and others might choose to remove attempt them all together.

These blemishes are traits in dogs, breed traits, learned behaviour from previous home, learning in your home, genetic issues and health issues that can all stand in the way of that idealist training plan in your head. These things have to be worked with, or trained out of the dog in order to achieve these goals, sometimes these things can’t be changed as they are part of the dogs personality. These things are not just in rescue dogs with issues, they are in puppies, and dogs without any training. Picking the wrong breed for the wrong home or job can result in conflict, which would mean a spoilt canvas. An example would be choosing a heading breed to do a retrieving job, while many can do it, it goes against their genetics, and this leads to conflict. The training, relationship and dogs behaviour will need tweaking as well as your own behaviour towards the dog, it will always be hard work to achieve the image you desire when your fighting against the blots, tears and dots all over the canvas attempting to make it the image you want, not the image it could be.

The medium you the artist uses can also influence the image, using watercolours on the wrong paper will make the image muddy, and colours tainted. Using acrylics and oils together might not work, adding in mixed media to the mix will result in a very wishy washy image, that might not be true to what you want. Adding in felt pens on the top, or changing from biro to coloured pencils will mean the image will be shaky til the new image comes through. Using water colour on the right paper will result in the best image, but you can add in biro over the top, or masking fluid to make it evolve.

These mediums are training methods, you will have a certain idea on how to train, or what training you will use, but understanding the dogs as an individual is the best way to go forward. Some people know how to use water colours best, but having a dog that is more of a oil paining you are going to clash on everything, as it just won’t work. Both evolving and working on the canvas with acrylics will result in that image you want, but only slightly changed from your original mental image.  These methods can be purely positive, all negative, a mix of the two or off the wall, I am not here to talk about training methods but different things work for different owners, and dogs.

Essentially it is fool hardly to assume a dog is a blank canvas, and you can create an image with all medium. Previous experiences, breed, your knowledge and experiences can change the way the image turns out. Whether you want a dog as a companion, working dog or sports dog you need to understand the image you want, and be willing to change it or edit it to suit you both.

I have learned to edit the way I work with dogs, and owners to achieve the goals we set. Each dog I work with teaches me something about dogs, and dog training. All knowledge that teaches me to work or repair my canvas. Sometimes we need to tweak the goals or look at getting the right dog for the owner. I have changed the mental goals with my own dogs dependant on the breed, experiences, new knowledge and the circumstances.

“No Dog is a blank canvas, they all have their rips, blemishes and patches. It is up to you as the owner to choose the right medium to pain the image you see for you both”

Basically stop blaming your dog for problems, and start looking at what your working with in terms of your dogs breed, history and temperament. Work outside the box and start adapting to create the piece of art.

Kathryn Jones FdSc AAB NTIPDU/MGoDT

A Clever Approach to Dog Training and Behaviour

http://www.cleverfoxcanine.com

Tried and Tested Recall Top Tip!

Recall, the art of getting your dog to come back to you when called. Coming away from play time, sniffs and eating week old fried food. The desired behaviour is to do it straight away…most dogs get there in the end. 10 calls later and a very pissed off owner.

Anyway, this blog post is about a top tip for you the dog owner to get a better recall, by just using you! Yes only you, no extra treats or toys, only you and your bare hands! HOW, you cry!

Well it’s easy-peasy and something you will claim your already doing, but I bet your not.

Drum roll please….

Recall the dog, cuddle it and touch its head and collar…

Easy huh?

But most people get it wrong, oh so wrong, not on purpose but by being so eager to reward their dog mid way on the recall, by shouting “GOOD DOG” at them when their half way, which usually cues most dogs  to wandered off at this point as they have got their reward.

The other fatal mistake is to get a tasty bribery treat out, get the dog to come to you and sit, then reward that sit at arms length. As soon as you get that lead out, POOF! The dog is off.

You are so eager to get the dog to come to you, you make silly mistakes that can ruin a recall in any dog.

Go back to basics and teach your dog to come to you, for you. Yes some dogs are difficult and need bribery, I’m fine with that but for some something  as simple as calling them to you, cuddling them, sticking your hand under their collar and giving them a good scratch it far better than any ball or treat.

I always encourage people to touch their dogs collar, scruff and head on walks as part of the recall. Your dog should come back to you completely on a walk, be leaning on you, not sitting 5 ft away, there should be physical touching. Making this physical touch part of your routine on recall reduces the likely hood of your dog legging off once they come back to you. If you already have a grip on their collar when you produce the lead, they can’t disappear off as you already have a hold of them. It is also useful for emergencies, if your dog is already used to holding its collar when you call it in, if their is a need to do it E.g. loose sheep or dog on the run, you already have control and the dog is less likely to do an impression of a beached fish in order to escape!

Your dog should want to come to you, for you, while not every dog will get that, most will if you start them right, and soon enough you get a dog that will recall from other dogs mid play or away from running sheep.

You might think I’m reinventing the wheel here, and maybe I am but its so basic that people forget to do it. Instead opting for going over the top with other things.

Summary:

Touch your dog on a recall, it’s really that simple to help create a better recall! Give them a cuddle, give them a pat and reward them for their recall. 

Kathryn Jones FdSc AAB
A Clever Approach to Dog Training and Behaviour
http://www.cleverfoxcanine.com

Puppy Pads – A Nightmare Training Tool

Puppy Pads are a massive massive pet hate for me… they cause me as a Dog Trainer so much stress, never mind the poor dog owners that end up with dogs peeing in the house at 12 months old, and refusing to go on walks.

Puppy pads are used as a way to encourage puppies to defecate in one place, they have a scent on them that encourages dogs/puppies to use them. This premise works well, I understand why people use them. Why not eliminate the problem of the puppy wandering off and hiding a poo behind the sofa or leaving a wee to step on when you come through the door. Encourage that puppy to poo in one place, no smells as well as the pads are scent absorbing so you might not even know they have even gone to the loo until you find it later on. Providing the puppy a place to go over night should they need to go. No mess on the floor to clean up as you just lift up and throw away, SIMPLE.

Now here is everything I find wrong with them:

Yes you puppy only goes in one places, great…one place, except THAT ONE PLACE IS IN YOUR HOUSE!!!!!…in your kitchen/living room/hall way…not in the garden or on a walk. You are encouraging your puppy to pee in the house, to pee where it sleeps if you put one in its crate or bed area. Some dogs get so obsessed with the pads that they refuse to pee anywhere else….no where else but on the pads in your house….

Peeing in your house! Why would you want your new puppy to think it is ok to pee in the house at any point, never mind repeatedly! The puppy needs to learn to go outside. Letting them go inside is lazy behaviour on your part. You can’t make toilet training any quicker than it’s going to be.

The pads while encouraging your puppy to pee in a certain spot, they also permeate the smell about your home, making carpets, rugs and furniture smell like a place to pee. So even when they have been removed the puppies will try and pee in places that smell like them…damaging your carpets, rugs and furniture.

Your puppy will often rip them up, as they smell of an odd urine to theirs. Wasting them, and just generally making a mess. They are at this point literally ripping up money.

Also think about it this way, the companies want you to use the pads in order to encourage your puppy to pee in one place. One place that means you need to keep buying puppy pads in order to keep that puppy peeing on the pads….round and round you go. Keep buying more pads to use, so the companies make money.

The solution to the problem is not that hard, any owner can do it…. GET UP AND OUT YOUR PUPPY OUTSIDE! Wait til it goes and reward, marking it with a command. Simple. Yes your puppy will have accidents, yes it will go out and refuse to pee and then come back in to pee. Yes it will require you to get up  every hour, after every meal time, after a big drink, after play and after sleep. But some effort now saves you months of work in the future.

Yes puppies forget, clean it up and get on with it. There is no quick fix to house training, its takes your dedication to your puppy to sort it out. Do not be drawn in by gimmicks such as puppy pads.

There are many ways to help puppies learn to pee outside, but they are specific for your home, puppy, and routine. The best suggestions come after seeing your home.

Kathryn Jones FdSc AAB

A Clever Approach to Dog Training and Behaviour

http://www.cleverfoxcanine.com

(Main Image Link http://www.montrealdogblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/14855-English-Bull-Terrier-pup-urinating-white-background.jpg)